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Thinking It Over.

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* The Folly of Unbelief! *

The Bible asks the question ...

 Psalm 2:1 (KJV)
"Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing?"

Atheisms Added Slur! *










Happy New Year 2021. | Print |
Written by Grant Hayman   

And a big welcome to these pages that present with great excitement, the wonderful

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1 Kings 10:3 (KJV)
"And Solomon told her all her questions: there was not any thing hid from the king, which he told her not.."

Now that was the happiest year of the life of the queen of Sheba!

What a fantastic beginning of a New Year for you if ALL your questions could be answered!

Well, they are all answered! Jesus said, "A greater than Solomon is here" [Matthew 12:42]
Joseph said to Pharoah ......"God shall give thee an answer of peace" [Genesis 41:16]

The Word of God contains all the answers of peace that we need. Jesus in the well known fourteenth chapter of the Gospel of John, when talking about his departure from the world of men for whom he paid the price of redemption from sin and death, spake the following words ..... "Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you: not as the world giveth, give I unto you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid". [John 14:27.]

What wonderful answers of peace we receive from the Lord as we talk to him about everything.

David said .... "I had fainted, unless I had believed to see the goodness of the LORD in the land of the living." [Psalm 27:13.]
With the unbelieving peoples hearts failing them for fear about all that is coming on the earth today, we need not faint, but be at rest and peace. The Word of God has declared such things will increase to an alarming rate. To the Christian all such that is happening today is no surprise. We are ready for it! Glad that "the coming of the Lord draweth nigh" [James 5:8.]
How uncomfortable is the world we live in today, what deceivableness of men is rampant! What lies and brutish behaviour is everywhere and what glory follows the big RESET that God will initiate! First - the "Trump of God and the dead in Christ shall rise and we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the LORD in the air and so shall we ever be with the Lord". [1 Thessalonians 4:16.] Thus shall be brought to pass, "the wicked cease their troubling" [Job 3:17.] of the saints, who are now all vacated from the earth, and the God defiant heedless world, is left to the remainder of the God RESET of great tribulation, the world has never seen.

These are the exciting and big answers of peace for all those who "rejoice in Christ Jesus and have no confidence in the flesh".

Look up, dear believer in the LORD Jesus Christ, for our redemption draweth nigh, and let Jesus, (who is greater than Solomon in the satisfaction of the queen of Sheba) satisfy you through this Happy New Year all the way through unto the coming of the Lord!

Dear reader if you do not know the Lord Jesus, then don't continue with the hard indifference of a fallen and failing world. Consider the greatness of God's love in sparing not his own son, but gave him up for you, in your place to be judged and bring to your needy heart forgiveness and peace with God and a secured Heaven!

  God BLESS.

Turn your light on Jesus.





By Oswald J. Smith, D.D.

This article is not an attack on anyone. It is a sincere effort to point out what the Roman Catholic Bible itself has to say, and to win both Catholics and Protestants to Christ.

This book that I hold in my hand is a Roman Catholic Bible. Let us read now from the title page: "The New Testament of Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, Translated from the Latin Vulgate. A Revision of the Challoner-Rheims Version, Edited by Catholic Scholars." Hence it is unquestionably authoritative. It is a beautiful, accurate translation and true to the original. It is the accepted Bible of the Roman Catholic Church. On page 4 we read these words, uttered by Pope Benedict  XV: "The responsibility of our Apostolic office impels us to . . . promote the study of Holy Scripture in accordance  with  the teaching of our  predecessors, Leo XIII  and Pius X . .  . We  shall . . . never desist from urging the faithful to read daily the Gospels, the Acts and the Epistles, so as to gather thence food for their souls ... Ignorance of  the Bible means ignorance  of Christ." On page 763 appears this statement by Pope Pius X: "The more we read the Gospel, the stronger our faith becomes." So, Roman Catholics are urged to study the Word of God.

 At the top of page 5 in the Preface, we read these encouraging words: "In her belief in the divine authority and the perfect truth of the Bible, as being the inspired Word of God, the Catholic Church has never hesitated. Neither has she overlooked the fact that this message must lie sealed and silent to many of her children unless given them in their own language."

It is not man's interpretation; it is what the Bible itself says. It was the common people and not the priests who searched the Scriptures in Acts 17: 11. According to Isaiah 8:20 the Bible alone is authoritative.

 Let us now ask ten questions of paramount importance to both Catholics and Protestants, and turn to this Roman Catholic Bible for the answers.  It is the authoritative Word of God. In other words, it is infallible, for it is God's book.


 Jesus did say, and I quote from this Roman Catholic Bible, "Thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church" (Matt.  16:18). But He did not say He would build His Church on Peter. The keys and the power to bind He gave Peter in Matt. 16:19 represents the authority He gave all believers in Matt. 18:18-19. They were Kingdom, not Church Keys. The Greek word for Peter is "petros," meaning “a little stone." The word for rock is “petra,” meaning “The Rock." What Jesus said was, “I will build my Church on the Rock." He himself was The Rock. He never said He would build His Church on Peter, “a little stone." That would be too faulty a foundation. In 1 Peter 2:5-8 Peter himself speaks of believers as stones and of Jesus as a rock. So, in Eph. 2:19-21, Jesus is the Corner Stone, the Foundation. The Church, there fore, is built not on Peter or his successors, but on Jesus Christ Himself—The Rock.

For my supreme authority I quote the great Apostle Paul. In 1 Corinthians. 3:11, in this wonderful Roman Catholic Bible, he says this: "For other foundation no one can lay, but that which has been laid. Which is Christ Jesus." Paul says Jesus Christ is the Foundation, the Rock. It is on that Rock the Church is built. See also 1 Cor. 10:4.


The Catholic Church  says "yes" and I quote from the catechism  of the Council  of Trent: "It is lawful to have  images in the church and to give honour and  worship  unto them.  Images are put in churches that they may be worshipped."  

Therefore those who say they do not worship images are not true to the teaching of the church. The  Catholic Bible  says "no" and I quote from Exodus 20:4-5 and Deut. 4:15-23: "Thou shalt not make  to thyself a graven thing, nor the likeness of any- thing that is in heaven above, or in the earth beneath, nor of those  things that are in the waters under the earth. Thou shalt not adore them, nor serve them."  Read also Isaiah 44:15-19. It is clear then that this wonderful Roman Catholic Bible absolutely forbids images of any kind and that the worship of them is utterly condemned while relics are not even venerated.


   When Jesus was upon earth, according to the   Roman Catholic Bible, "the Pharisees and Scribes asked Him, Why do not Thy disciples walk according to the tradition of the ancients?" (Mark 7:5)  Now let us turn to this same Roman Catholic Bible for Jesus' answer. Here are His words:  "In vain do they worship Me, teaching as doctrine the precepts of men. For letting go the commandment    of God, you hold fast the tradition of men. Well do you nullify the commandment of God, that you may keep your own tradition. You make void the commandment of God by your tradition” (Mark 7:7-9, 13). So He condemns tradition and exalts the Word.  This Catholic Bible insists that only the commandments of God as found in His Word are authoritative. Even the teachings of Paul were tested by the Holy Scriptures. In Acts 17:11. This Catholic Bible says that the Bereans were “studying the Scriptures every day to see whether these things were so." Hence it was the Bible, the Old Testament, and not the Church that came first and was authoritative.

   In 2 Thessalonians 2:15, in this Roman Catholic Bible, there is no reference to tradition at all. It translates the word "teachings." Paul was referring to the Gospel he had preached and written down in his letters. So also 3:6 and 2 Timothy 2:2. When Paul wrote this there was no church tradition in existence,  so he could not have referred to Roman Catholic tradition or the tradition of the  Church Fathers. It came later. But once Paul's teachings were written down, all  else was ruled out and a curse pronounced upon anyone who added to the written Word (Apocalypse  22:18). Nothing that the Church Fathers wrote was ever inspired. But what Paul said and wrote was in very truth God’s Word.  Colossians 2:8 condemns tradition. Paul said: "Preach the word" (2 Tim.  4:2), not church tradition, but the Word of God. See Titus 1:14.


 Let us turn in this Roman Catholic Bible, to the infallible, authoritative Word of God. We will find the answer in Heb. 10:11-12, 14, 18. "And every priest indeed stands daily ministering and often offering the same sacrifice which can never take away sins." So, then, according to this Roman Catholic Bible, it is vain and useless to offer a daily Mass, since God says it "can never take away sins."

"But Jesus, having offered one sacrifice for sins, has taken His seat forever at the right hand of God. For by one offering He has perfected forever those who are sanctified. Now where there is forgiveness of these, there is no longer offering for sin." Isn't that wonderful! "Jesus." What did he do?  He offered but  "one sacrifice." What was that "one sacrifice for sins?" It was Himself. Yes, Jesus offered Himself on Calvary's Cross as a sacrifice for your sins and mine. And that sacrifice will never have to be offered again. God says it is "forever." That "one offering," He says, is sufficient for the "remission" of sin. Then He adds this: "There is no longer offering for sin." Thank God, no more sacrifices are necessary. "It is finished," He cried, as He hung on the cross, your redemption and mine—the work done, atonement  made, the debt paid. Yes. Jesus paid it all. Not another Mass is necessary according to this Roman Catholic Bible. He offered the only sacrifice that need be offered. Why add to a finished work? God says there can be "no longer offering for sin." In the bread and the wine we remember His one supreme offering of Himself for us; we   do not offer Him again.


   Turning to the Roman Catholic Bible, we read these significant words: "For there is one God, and ONE Mediator between God and men, Himself man, Christ Jesus" (1 Tim. 2.5). Then if there is only one, and God says there is, there cannot be two. The Roman Catholic Bible says there is only one, and that ONE—Jesus Christ. In   any case, how can sinners mediate for sinners? And if mediation of the sinless Christ is not sufficient, how can sinful men and women help?   Mary herself spoke of God as "my Saviour" (Luke 1:47). If she had not been a sinner, she would not have needed a saviour.

 The rich man in Luke 16 prayed to Abraham, one of the greatest of the Saints, but even Abraham could not help him. Why then go to a lesser saint? Why go to Mary or any of the saints, if we can go to Christ? In Luke 11:27-28 Jesus put the Word of God before His mother and rebuked the one who praised her. In Matt. 12:46-50, He completely ignores His mother's request.

 In Acts 1:14, Mary is mentioned for the last time. Why didn't Paul tell his converts that she would intercede for them? Why did he fail to mention her in any of his epistles?  Why should the letters of the New Testament ignore her? Is it conceivable that they would have if she could really influence her resurrected and glorified Son? There is not a verse in Scripture that teaches that those who leave this world can pray for us. It is in this life only that we can intercede for each other.

 In 1 John 2:1-2, we read: "But if anyone sins, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the just; and He is the propitiation for our sins." Who is our Advocate? Mary? No! Jesus Christ. Who is our Propitiation? Mary? No! Jesus Christ. Why no mention of Mary if she can intercede?  That, my friends, should settle it.


In this Roman Catholic Bible there is a question that was once asked by the scribes. It was this: "Why does this man speak thus?  He blasphemes. Who can forgive sins, but only God?" (Mark 2:5-11). Jesus accepted that question at its face value. They were right. No one but God can forgive sins, and for a mere man to claim that he can is blasphemy. Jesus answered by saying: "The Son of Man has power on earth to forgive sins." Hence, He was not a mere man; He was God. No man can forgive, but He did forgive, so He was God. But no priests or ministers can forgive sin because they are men. We  can go direct to God through our Mediator, Jesus Christ, and be forgiven. Rebels cannot forgive rebels; it is the King who forgives both. Sinners cannot forgive sinners; it is God who forgives. But, you ask, what about John 20:23? That, my friend, was spoken to the "Disciples," not just the "Apostles," as the text clearly shows. The word "Apostle" is not used, and some of the disciples were women.

Every believer (or disciple) is a priest according to this Roman Catholic Bible (Apocalypse 1:6), and as such has the power (authority) to say, "Your sins are forgiven you in the   name of Jesus Christ, if you receive Him as your Saviour." By the same token every believer (or disciple) has the power (authority) to say “your sins are retained (not forgiven) if you do not receive Jesus Christ as your Saviour."

It was the chief apostle  who   made  this clear when  he stated to Cornelius, as found in this Roman  Catholic Bible in Acts 10:43: "To Him all the prophets bear witness, that through His name all who believe inHim may receive forgiveness of  sins." The apostles never heard confessions.


We could  read  this Roman Catholic Bible through from the  first word to the last and we  would  not read one  single verse about purgatory, for purgatory is no- where even mentioned  in the entire Book. There is no purgatory in the Bible. Then it must have been invented by men, for God does not speak of it.

On the other hand, this Roman Catholic Bible tells us that if we are God’s children we go straight to be with Christ when we die. Let me read it to you: "To depart and to be with Christ . . . far the better" (Phil. 1:23). You see, when we depart this life we do not go to purgatory for Christ is not there. We go directly into His immediate presence. We go to be with Him where He is. It would not be "far better" to suffer in purgatory.

"Exiled from the body ... at home with the Lord" (2 Cor. 5:8). The moment we leave the body we are in the presence of our Lord. That is the plain, unmistakable teaching of this Roman Catholic Bible, the infallible word of God.

 That means   that the Christian will never have to suffer for his sins. His judgment is past. Let me read it to you in this precious Roman Catholic Bible, from John 5:24, and may God enable you to believe it. Listen! "Amen,   amen, I say to you, he who hears My word, and believes on him who sent Me, has life everlasting, and does not come to judgment, but has passed from death to life." Hence, there can be no such place as purgatory. Did not the thief on the cross, go directly to be with Christ? The promise of Jesus was: "Amen I say to thee, this day thou shalt be with Me in paradise."  Not in purgatory, mark you, but in paradise. And if the dying thief did not suffer for his sins, when he repented and turned to Christ, why should you?  NO, my friend, you will not go to purgatory for there is no such place. If you are .saved, you will go straight to heaven to be with Christ.

Jesus endured all the suffering necessary. He atoned for your every sin.  No suffering of yours could help in the least. It is His blood that cleanses from sin, not your sufferings (1 John 1:7).  Nothing that you can pay can get your loved ones out of purgatory for, since purgatory does not exist they are not there (Maccabees is not God's word). Those who die in the Lord, "rest" (Apocalypse 14:13). How could they "rest" if they were suffering purgatory?

In 1 Cor. 3:8-15, Paul speaks of our work, not our salvation. He is talking about rewards for faithful service. These we will receive at the Judgment Seat of Christ. Purgatory is not even suggested.


That question, too, is answered in this Roman Catholic Bible. You  will find it in John 3:3, 7: "Jesus answered and said to him, Amen,  amen, I  say to thee, unless a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom   of God. Do not wonder that I said to thee, you must   be born again." So then, unless you have been born   again—born from above—you will never go to heaven at all. That is what the Bible says. Now do not confuse the New Birth with Baptism. Jesus did not speak of Baptism in John 3:5. He spoke of water. Why should it be concluded that water means Baptism? Does it mean Baptism in John 4:14?   Of  course not. Ephesians 5:26, James 1:18 and 1 Peter 1:23 make it plain that water is the Word of God. Peter says, "Born again by the word." What, then, is the New Birth? It is the implantation of divine life, the life of God in the heart of man, by the Spirit and the Word. The thief was not baptized. Cornelius was saved before he was baptized. Baptism saves no one nor will it save you. "You must be born again."


Many   people think it is the Church that saves, and that there is no salvation outside the Roman Catholic Church. They confuse the Church with Christ. But what say the Scriptures?  How does this inspired  Roman Catholic Bible answer this all-important question? "But to as many as received Him He gave the power of becoming sons of God” (John 1:12).   What does it say? How do we become   God's children?  By receiving Him, Jesus Christ, as our Saviour. It doesn't say a word about the Church, does it? "Those who believe in Him may not perish, but may have life everlasting" (John 3:15). How? By belonging to the Church? No! By believing in Him, the Lord Jesus Christ. "For God  so  loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that those who believe in Him may not perish, but may have life everlasting" (John 3:16). Again, not a word about the Church. Once more it is Christ. All who trust Him have everlasting life. "He who believes in the Son has everlasting life; he who is unbelieving towards the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God rests upon him” (John   3:36). It depends entirely on your relationship, not to the Church, but to Christ. It is Christ who saves. The Church is not mentioned. "I am the way  . . . No one comes to the Father but through Me"   (John 14:6). It was Jesus who said that. Note, if you will, He did not say, "The Church is the way; no one   comes to the Father but   through the Church." No, my friend, He said "I am the way." Jesus Christ is the one and only way to God. "He who has the Son has the life; he who has not the Son has not the life" (1 John 5:12).  The same answer again, this time from the inspired lips of the apostle John. Not the Church but Christ. "He who has the Son."

 "Neither is there salvation in any other.  For there is no other name under heaven given to men by which we must be saved" (Acts 4:12). That is from the pen of Peter and it is the authoritative voice of the great apostle himself. What does he say?  He tells us that salvation is in Christ and in no other.  "No other name," he says.  Neither the name of Protestantism nor Roman Catholicism. No minister, no priest, no pope, neither the Virgin Mary nor any saint. "No other name under heaven," he insists. No Church of any kind. Salvation, declares Peter, is through Christ and Christ alone. Then why not turn to Christ? For this wonderful Roman Catholic Bible tells us that it is Christ and not the Church who saves.


Some say by faith, works and the sacraments. The Roman Catholic Bible says by faith. Which is right? If by works, it cannot be by faith, and if by faith it cannot be by works. Either you save yourself by works or else God saves you by faith. Are you going to afflict your body and count your beads in a vain effort to save your soul by works?  Are you going  to attempt to lay up merit in heaven by your   tears and your prayers, long fastings and Church observances, pilgrimages, monastic or convent living and sacraments? Are you going to suffer all this when God in this Roman Catholic Bible tells us that salvation is "not by works"? How foolish! But now let us read once again from this marvellous Book.

"For we reckon that a man is justified (accounted righteous, saved) by faith independently of the works of the Law” (Rom. 3:28). "To him who does not work, but believes in Him who justifies the impious, his faith is credited to him as justice" (Rom.4:5). "God credits justice without works" (Rom. 4:6). "Man is not justified by the works of the Law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ... we also believe in Christ Jesus, that we may be justified by the faith of Christ, and not  by the works of the  Law;  because by the works of the Law no man will be justified” (Gal. 2:16). "For by grace you have been saved   through faith; and that not from yourselves, for it is the gift of God; not as the outcome of works, lest anyone may boast" (Eph.  2:8-9). "Not by reason of good works that we did ourselves, but according to His mercy He saved us” (Tit. 3:5).

That, my friend, is what the Roman Catholic Bible says. What are you going to do about it?  All these verses that we have read tell you in plain, unmistakable language, that you are not saved by works, but that you are saved by faith.

Then where do works come in? James answers that question.  "Show me thy faith without works, and I from my works will show thee my faith," he says (James 2:18). Works follow faith. Faith produces works. If you are saved your life will show it. You work for God because you ARE saved, not in order to be saved. "Faith without works is dead”. If there is no change, if you still commit the same  sins, if you have not been delivered and  set free, then there is no evidence that  you are saved. "If any man is in Christ, he is a new creature; the former things have passed away; behold, they are made new!" (2 Cor. 5:17).

Well now, will you believe God's Word as recorded in this Roman Catholic Bible, or will you believe the teachings of man? It is for you to decide. Remember, there are only two religions in the entire world, man’s and God’s. Man's is by works — his own efforts, his fasting and prayers, his obedience to the Church. That makes him his own saviour. God's is by faith in the finished work of Jesus Christ. Jesus paid it all. "He who is just lives by faith" (Rom. 1:17). That makes Christ his Saviour.

Oh, then, my friend, turn from all reliance on yourself; your own efforts, and all your works or sacraments, and open your heart to Jesus Christ. Receive Him as your own personal Saviour, rely on His shed blood, and, trust Him to save your soul. "Come to Me," He says, "all you who labour and are burdened, and I will give you rest" (Matt. 11:28).  Never yet has He turned any- one away. "Him who comes to Me I will not cast out," He declares (John 6:37). Oh, then, come to Him. Will you do it?  Do it and do it—NOW!

 Jesus is reaching for YOU! God BLESS.


And a big welcome to these pages that present with great excitement, the wonderful

Click on the Dino carpet picture to go to the Website welcome, and introduction Video.

>> "I will be with you" << [Exodus 4:15.]

The following is an article  by Dave Hunt (of "the Berean call") clarifying the murkey waters of psychotherapies and psychology impacting the Church and evangelical ministries today.

"Try the spirits whether they are of God" [1 John 4:1.]

Please note comments on the more subtle and widely used 4 temperaments at the end of the article highlighted in orange. Such focus, juggling, and mixture of the Spirit and the self life is common in evangelical circles with variations and expansions to the extents of 16 and possibly more!

Dictionary:- (Middle Ages) one of the four fluids in the body whose balance was believed to determine your emotional and physical state.

"the humours are blood and phlegm and yellow and black bile".

Consider, and the Lord give understanding in these needy days of misconceptions, heresies and deceptions.

Grant Hayman.

 Article. (Dave Hunt.)

A variety of psychotherapies masquerading under Christian terminology are devastating the church by turning Christians from God to self. Among the most deadly are regressive therapies designed to probe the unconscious for buried memories which are allegedly causing everything from depression to fits of anger and sexual misconduct and must be uncovered and "healed." These offshoots of Freudian and Jungian theories rooted in the occult and which have destructively impacted society for decades are taking their toll within the church.

One popular variety of regression therapy is called "inner healing" and was brought into the church by occultist Agnes Sanford (see The Seduction of Christianity). It was carried on after her death by those she influenced, such as lay therapists Ruth Carter Stapleton, Rosalind Rinker, John and Paula Sandford, William Vaswig, Rita Bennett and others. At first most prevalent among charismatics and liberal churches, inner healing has spread widely in evangelical circles. There it is practiced in a more sophisticated form by psychologists such as David Seamands, H. Norman Wright and James G. Friesen as well as a number of lay therapists like Fred and Florence Littauer. The Littauers' extreme insistence that rare is the person "who can say he truly had a happy childhood" would seem to condition their counselees to recover unhappy and traumatic memories.

Even if it were safely and accurately possible, should one probe into the past in order to dredge up forgotten memories? Memory is notoriously deceitful and self-serving. One is easily talked into "remembering" something which may never have happened. Inner healing, like other forms of psychotherapy, creates, by its very nature, false memories. Furthermore, why must one uncover memories of past abuse in order to have a right relationship with God? Where does the Bible say so? And if parts of the past must be "remembered," why not every detail? That task would be hopeless. Yet once the theory is accepted one can never be certain that some trauma is not still hidden in the unconscious—a trauma holding the key to emotional and spiritual well-being!

In contrast, Paul forgot the past and pressed on toward the prize (Philippians:3:13-14) promised to all those who love Christ's appearing (2 Tim:4:7-8). The past is of little consequence if Christians truly are new creations for whom "old things are passed away [and] all things are become new" (2 Cor:5:17). Searching the past in order to find an "explanation" for one's present behavior conflicts with the entire teaching of Scripture. Though it may seem to help for a time, it actually robs one of the biblical solution through Christ. What matters is not the past, but one's personal relationship to Christ now.

Yet many people claim to have been helped by regressive therapy. Finding the "reason" in a past trauma (whether real or a "memory" implanted by suggestion in the therapy process) can bring a change in attitude and behavior for a time. Sooner or later, however, depression or anger or frustration or temptation returns, leaving one to renew the search into the past to find that "key" trauma, the memory of which has not yet been uncovered. And so it goes.

In keeping with the Freudian foundation of all "inner healing," Fred and Florence Littauer's book, Freeing Your Mind from Memories that Bind, presents the thesis that uncovering hidden memories is the key to emotional and spiritual well-being. They suggest that any "memory gaps" from childhood indicate one has probably been abused (and very likely, sexually). By that definition we've all been abused. Most of us can't remember each house we've lived in, each school attended, every teacher and classmate, every family vacation when we were children. To teach, as the Littauers do, that these "memory gaps" indicate periods of abuse that have been covered up by the mind is contrary to common sense and is without scientific verification or biblical support.

The Littauers, like so many others in this field, base their approach upon the so-called four temperaments. This long-discredited personality theory evolved from the ancient Greek belief that the physical realm was composed of four elements: earth, air, fire and water. Empedocles related these to four pagan deities, while Hippocrates tied them to what were considered at that time to be the four bodily humors: blood (sanguine), phlegm (phlegmatic), yellow bile (choleric) and black bile (melancholy). These characteristics were connected to the signs of the zodiac.

There never was any scientific basis for the four temperaments. Yet many Christian psychologists and lay "healers" swear by them today, making them the basis of "personality classification" and the key to behavioral insights. As the Bobgans point out, however, in their excellent latest book,"Four Temperaments, Astrology & Personality Testing":

God Bless.


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